PHP code snippets and functions

It’s a good habit for web developer to keep useful code snippets in a personal library for future reference. I have founded the most interesting and useful PHP code snippets  which makes Web development easier. I have covered  snippet for Detecting location  by IP , Automatic mail to Links,Sanitize database Input,create Image data using URL,Unzip files , Email error logs to yourself,remove MS WORD HTML Tags, watermark Images Automatically.

Unzip files with PHP

 

function unzip_file($file, $destination){
	// create object
	$zip = new ZipArchive() ;
	// open archive
	if ($zip->open($file) !== TRUE) {
		die ('Could not open archive');
	}
	// extract contents to destination directory
	$zip->extractTo($destination);
	// close archive
	$zip->close();
	echo 'Archive extracted to directory';
}

Remove Microsoft Word HTML tags

The following function takes some nightmarish Word HTML and return a clean HTML output that you can use safely on the web.

function cleanHTML($html) {
$html = ereg_replace("<(/)?(font|span|del|ins)[^>]*>","",$html);

$html = ereg_replace("<([^>]*)(class|lang|style|size|face)=("[^"]*"|'[^']*'|[^>]+)([^>]*)>","<\1>",$html);
$html = ereg_replace("<([^>]*)(class|lang|style|size|face)=("[^"]*"|'[^']*'|[^>]+)([^>]*)>","<\1>",$html);

return $html
}

Create image data URIs using PHP

Instead of providing a traditional address to the image, the image file data is base64-encoded and stuffed within the src attribute. Please note that IE7 and below are not compatibles with data URIs.

// A few settings
$image = 'cricci.jpg';

// Read image path, convert to base64 encoding
$imageData = base64_encode(file_get_contents($image));

// Format the image SRC:  data:{mime};base64,{data};
$src = 'data: '.mime_content_type($image).';base64,'.$imageData;

// Echo out a sample image
echo '<img src="',$src,'">';

Watermark images automatically

If you don’t want to see your own images on your websites everywhere on the web the next day. To prevent image theft and make sure to be credited as the original creator of the image, watermarking them is generally a good idea. The following function allows you to automatically add a watermark on your images.

function watermarkImage ($SourceFile, $WaterMarkText, $DestinationFile) { 
   list($width, $height) = getimagesize($SourceFile);
   $image_p = imagecreatetruecolor($width, $height);
   $image = imagecreatefromjpeg($SourceFile);
   imagecopyresampled($image_p, $image, 0, 0, 0, 0, $width, $height, $width, $height); 
   $black = imagecolorallocate($image_p, 0, 0, 0);
   $font = 'arial.ttf';
   $font_size = 10; 
   imagettftext($image_p, $font_size, 0, 10, 20, $black, $font, $WaterMarkText);
   if ($DestinationFile<>'') {
      imagejpeg ($image_p, $DestinationFile, 100); 
   } else {
      header('Content-Type: image/jpeg');
      imagejpeg($image_p, null, 100);
   }
   imagedestroy($image); 
   imagedestroy($image_p); 
}

/******** usage **********/
$SourceFile = '/home/user/www/images/image1.jpg';
$DestinationFile = '/home/user/www/images/image1-watermark.jpg'; 
$WaterMarkText = 'Copyright phpJabbers.com';
watermarkImage ($SourceFile, $WaterMarkText, $DestinationFile);

Convert .pdf files to .jpg using PHP and Image Magick

This is extremely useful if you need to generate preview images of your .pdf files. Please note that you must have the Image Magick extension installed on your server to use this snippet.

$pdf_file   = './pdf/demo.pdf';
$save_to    = './jpg/demo.jpg';     //make sure that apache has permissions to write in this folder! (common problem)

//execute ImageMagick command 'convert' and convert PDF to JPG with applied settings
exec('convert "'.$pdf_file.'" -colorspace RGB -resize 800 "'.$save_to.'"', $output, $return_var);

if($return_var == 0) {              //if exec successfuly converted pdf to jpg
    print "Conversion OK";
}
else print "Conversion failed.<br />".$output;

Detect location by IP

The function below takes one IP as a parameter, and returns the location of the IP. If no location is found, UNKNOWN is returned.

function detect_city($ip) {

        $default = 'UNKNOWN';

        if (!is_string($ip) || strlen($ip) < 1 || $ip == '127.0.0.1' || $ip == 'localhost')
            $ip = '8.8.8.8';

        $curlopt_useragent = 'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows; U; Windows NT 5.1; en-US; rv:1.9.2) Gecko/20100115 Firefox/3.6 (.NET CLR 3.5.30729)';

        $url = 'http://ipinfodb.com/ip_locator.php?ip=' . urlencode($ip);
        $ch = curl_init();

        $curl_opt = array(
            CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION  => 1,
            CURLOPT_HEADER      => 0,
            CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER  => 1,
            CURLOPT_USERAGENT   => $curlopt_useragent,
            CURLOPT_URL       => $url,
            CURLOPT_TIMEOUT         => 1,
            CURLOPT_REFERER         => 'http://' . $_SERVER['HTTP_HOST'],
        );

        curl_setopt_array($ch, $curl_opt);

        $content = curl_exec($ch);

        if (!is_null($curl_info)) {
            $curl_info = curl_getinfo($ch);
        }

        curl_close($ch);

        if ( preg_match('{<li>City : ([^<]*)</li>}i', $content, $regs) )  {
            $city = $regs[1];
        }
        if ( preg_match('{<li>State/Province : ([^<]*)</li>}i', $content, $regs) )  {
            $state = $regs[1];
        }

        if( $city!='' && $state!='' ){
          $location = $city . ', ' . $state;
          return $location;
        }else{
          return $default;
        }

    }

Sanitize database inputs

This  is a super handy function which sanitize inputs to make sure you’re not inserting malicious code into your database.

function cleanInput($input) {

  $search = array(
    '@<script[^>]*?>.*?</script>@si',   // Strip out javascript
    '@<[\/\!]*?[^<>]*?>@si',            // Strip out HTML tags
    '@<style[^>]*?>.*?</style>@siU',    // Strip style tags properly
    '@<![\s\S]*?--[ \t\n\r]*>@'         // Strip multi-line comments
  );

    $output = preg_replace($search, '', $input);
    return $output;
  }

function sanitize($input) {
    if (is_array($input)) {
        foreach($input as $var=>$val) {
            $output[$var] = sanitize($val);
        }
    }
    else {
        if (get_magic_quotes_gpc()) {
            $input = stripslashes($input);
        }
        $input  = cleanInput($input);
        $output = mysql_real_escape_string($input);
    }
    return $output;
}

// Usage:
$bad_string = "Hi! <script src='http://www.evilsite.com/bad_script.js'></script> It's a good day!";
  $good_string = sanitize($bad_string);
  // $good_string returns "Hi! It\'s a good day!"

  // Also use for getting POST/GET variables
  $_POST = sanitize($_POST);
  $_GET  = sanitize($_GET);

Email error logs to yourself

This function will email you the log when an error has been raised on your site. Very handy to stay in touch with your website activity.

function nettuts_error_handler($number, $message, $file, $line, $vars){
	$email = "
		<p>An error ($number) occurred on line 
		<strong>$line</strong> and in the <strong>file: $file.</strong> 
		<p> $message </p>";

	$email .= "<pre>" . print_r($vars, 1) . "</pre>";

	$headers = 'Content-type: text/html; charset=iso-8859-1' . "\r\n";

	// Email the error to someone...
	error_log($email, 1, 'you@youremail.com', $headers);

	// Make sure that you decide how to respond to errors (on the user's side)
	// Either echo an error message, or kill the entire project. Up to you...
	// The code below ensures that we only "die" if the error was more than
	// just a NOTICE. 
	if ( ($number !== E_NOTICE) && ($number < 2048) ) {
		die("There was an error. Please try again later.");
	}
}

// We should use our custom function to handle errors.
set_error_handler('nettuts_error_handler');

// Trigger an error... (var doesn't exist)
echo $somevarthatdoesnotexist;

 

 

2 Responses to “PHP code snippets and functions”
  1. Your website has really inspired me to really totally change my way of writing. I want to thank you for all your hard work.

Leave a Reply